In this video, we cover: This proved useful in studying the ash plume. The airspace reopened in accordance to new guidelines about ash densities that can be tolerated by aircraft. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances. A series of earthquakes were recorded below the surface of the volcano, indicating a possible eruption brewing.

Download additional resources To make the most of this video we have also created some additional teaching resources to use in the classroom — click on the resources below to view and download. At the time of the crisis the Icelandic Government operates Civil Protection Department, liaises with geological experts, emergency services, local populations etc. Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: This led to high-altitude wind circulation, it blew clockwise spreading the volcanic ash close to the South and East of Iceland at heights of up to 7,m. For my first post, I thought I would cover my favourite case study from A level.

The ash plume was frequently illuminated by dramatic electrical discharges thought to be the result of collisions between ash and ice particles, which generated static electricity.

An ice-covered Stratovolcano compositewith a 2. More Video Resources Solheimajokull: This interaction of two different types of volcanism has created the island of Iceland, which is made up of many active volcanoes.

This meant that it was volcan Fissue eruption at this point. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in volfano sea to the south west. The causes and impacts of the eruption, with visits to some of the localities directly affected Volcano monitoring eyjafjallajookull preparedness The impacts associated with the future eruption of Katla Positive impacts of the volcanic eruption on tourism in Iceland This video is suitable for all ages.


Volcano case study: Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland Flashcards Preview

Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold. This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas.

This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel.

case study eyjafjallajokull volcano

Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in, and Britain had fine anticyclonic weather eyjafjallajoiull a lot of the time that the Ash cloud existed. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances.

Volcanoes – Revision 4 – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize

Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the W side. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Speak to a specialist. Much of the ice had been melted. Over time, the earthquakes rose towards the surface, and land near the volcano rose by 2 inches this indicated magma was moving underneath the volcano. There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact.

This meant that authorities and people could prepare themselves. Finally, many companies had contingency plans in place for an emergency such as this, so could cope better, Tesco circumvented the ash cloud by flying Kenyan produce into Spain and then using road haulage for example. The first phase of eruption produced lava, with little explosive activity.

The IMO’s weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is important for calculating the distribution of the ash. By the end of April explosive activity had virtually ended, with a weak plume largely made up of steam, but flowing lava had advanced a few kilometres northwards from the crater. We use cookies to provide the best experience on this website.


Animation of ash cloud spreading. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The ejyafjallajokull problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. The major impact was Internationally however, as winds redistributed the ash that was pumped high into the atmosphere over Northern and western Europe and stopped flights from taking off.

Ash from the eruption deposited dissolved iron into the North Atlantic, triggering a phytoplankton bloom as phytoplankton production was limited by the availability of dissolved iron which is essential for plant growth. These particles clog up the engines of aircraft that attempt to fly through them, and this is the reason for aviation disruption.

Eyjafjallajokull: A Geography Case Study

Responses to the event. These are perishable goods and they are transported by plane to keep them fresh but the flight ban meant that products returned unsold and destroyed.

Due to the ash that was being carried across Europe, Aviation authorities closed much of eyjafjalajokull heavily used airspace over the North West region of Europe. This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here:

case study eyjafjallajokull volcano